Perhaps more so in the
Terms such as “Carpenter bees”, “Mason bees”, “Mining bees”, “Leaf cutter bees”, and “Wool Carder bees” are the ones we most commonly come across and they can be very useful for ordinary people like me in providing a basic understanding of what is a highly complex subject. If nothing else it can provide some indication as to what different solitary bees require enabling us to find ways to provide the habitat and nesting structures that are necessary for them. As is the case for so many other species these required habitats have been greatly reduced largely due to changes in agriculture and to a lesser extent the manner in which we have altered the way we use both buildings and gardens. Pesticides as a whole and chemical pollution are inevitably having a detrimental effect.
Carpenter Bees are bees that burrow or cut their nests into degraded timber or plant stems depending on the species. In
There are 15 species of Carpenter bee in all and you can read more HERE. There is however at least one other species of bee that makes its nest by burrowing into rotten wood and that is Anthophora furcata or the Forked tail flower bee as it is sometimes known. Other Anthophora species nest in the ground, cliff faces or holes in the mortar joints of stone walls and are often called “Flower bees”, the best known of which is perhaps the Hairy footed flower bee Anthophora plumipes.